Erythritol is not a sugar nor artificial sweetener. It belongs to a class of compounds called sugar alcohols. It’s nearly as sweet as regular sugar and has 95% less calories. It’s very safe product. It’s not an artificial sweetener like aspartame or sucralose. It can naturally be found in some fruits or fermented foods. In large-scale production it is produced from fermented corn starch.
Safe alternative for diabetics and people on low-carb diet
There are many other sugar alcohols available like xylitol, sorbitol, mannitol, and maltitol. However, erythritol is the best because it has no adverse effect on blood glucose levels therefore it can be consumed by people with type 2 diabetes. Erythritol has no effect on levels of cholesterol, triacylglycerol or free fatty acids.
Erythritol is also a “tooth friendly” product. It doesn’t have the same impact on dental health as regular sugars. There is no risk of damage or eventual tooth decay by consuming erythritol.
Everyone needs to know that erythritol despite of all the positives, might cause side effects if overdosed in a short period of time. It includes stomach cramps, diarrhea or bloating. The reason is that your body may not be able to digest erythritol as quickly as you consume it. It depends a lot on your height and weight. However, erythritol is still the best option as it’s much easier to digest than other sugar alcohols such as maltitol and sorbitol and contains 0 net carbs and nearly no calories.